John Donne, No Man Is An Island (Meditation 17)
Note: The paragraphing is not Donne's. Although the entire text of Donne's meditation is included, the paragraphing was added to make the reading easier.
John Donne, Meditation 17
NUNC LENTO SONITU DICUNT, MORIERIS.
(Now, this bell tolling softly for another, says to me: Thou must die.)
Perchance he for whom this bell tolls may be so ill, as that he knows not it tolls for him; and perchance I may think myself so much better than I am, as that they who are about me, and see my state, may have caused it to toll for me, and I know not that.
The church is Catholic, universal, so are all her actions; all that she does belongs to all. When she baptizes a child, that action concerns me; for that child is thereby connected to that body which is my head too, and ingrafted into that body whereof I am a member. And when she buries a man, that action concerns me: all mankind is of one author, and is one volume; when one man dies, one chapter is not torn out of the book, but translated into a better language; and every chapter must be so translated; God employs several translators; some pieces are translated by age, some by sickness, some by war, some by justice; but God's hand is in every translation, and his hand shall bind up all our scattered leaves again for that library where every book shall lie open to one another.
As therefore the bell that rings to a sermon calls not upon the preacher only, but upon the congregation to come, so this bell calls us all; but how much more me, who am brought so near the door by this sickness. There was a contention as far as a suit (in which both piety and dignity, religion and estimation, were mingled), which of the religious orders should ring to prayers first in the morning; and it was determined, that they should ring first that rose earliest. If we understand aright the dignity of this bell that tolls for our evening prayer, we would be glad to make it ours by rising early, in that application, that it might be ours as well as his, whose indeed it is. The bell doth toll for him that thinks it doth; and though it intermit again, yet from that minute that that occasion wrought upon him, he is united to God.
Who casts not up his eye to the sun when it rises? but who takes off his eye from a comet when that breaks out? Who bends not his ear to any bell which upon any occasion rings? but who can remove it from that bell which is passing a piece of himself out of this world?
No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend's or of thine own were: any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bells tolls; it tolls for thee.
Neither can we call this a begging of misery, or a borrowing of misery, as though we were not miserable enough of ourselves, but must fetch in more from the next house, in taking upon us the misery of our neighbours. Truly it were an excusable covetousness if we did, for affliction is a treasure, and scarce any man hath enough of it. No man hath affliction enough that is not matured and ripened by it, and made fit for God by that affliction. If a man carry treasure in bullion, or in a wedge of gold, and have none coined into current money, his treasure will not defray him as he travels.
Tribulation is treasure in the nature of it, but it is not current money in the use of it, except we get nearer and nearer our home, heaven, by it. Another man may be sick too, and sick to death, and this affliction may lie in his bowels, as gold in a mine, and be of no use to him; but this bell, that tells me of his affliction, digs out and applies that gold to me: if by this consideration of another's danger I take mine own into contemplation, and so secure myself, by making my recourse to my God, who is our only security.
Determine the meaning of each word below from its use in Donne's meditation. This technique is called "inferring" the meaning from the context. If you cannot infer the meaning, look up the word in a dictionary.
Remember: Try to define the words according to how they are used in Donne's meditation.
Answer each question as completely as you can, using well-formed sentences. Although there is no "correct" answer, please be sure to support your answer with evidence from the text.
- Donne compares humankind to a book that God has written and uses the word translate in both a literal and figurative sense? What does Donne mean by a life being "translated into a better language"?
- In the context of this meditation, why do bells toll for people? For what different purposes does Donne write that bells toll?
- What does Donne mean when he writes "for affliction is a treasure, and scarce any man hath enough of it"?
- Donne compares "affliction" in a person's bowels with gold in a mine. Explain what Donne means by this comparison.
- This meditation is famous for the following quotation:
"No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend's or of thine own were: any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bells tolls; it tolls for thee."What does this quotation mean?
- What would you say is the main point of this meditation? State your response in one sentence. Do you agree or disagree with Donne? Why?
Anthony Robbins, a contemporary performance coach, discusses emotional pain and tells someone, "[A]nd your vibrancy and your gift will be your ability to step out of your own pain. That doesn't mean not feel it. But not stay in that pain and to use that pain as drive to give more to those you love. And the more you do that, that's where spiritual growth happens."
Follow the link below to watch Robbins.
Write an essay comparing what Robbins says about pain and spiritual growth to what Donne says. How are their perspectives and suggestions for practical applications similar? How are they different?
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